Workplace Safety Regulations as per Qatar Labour Law
Every employee has a right to feel secure at work. The effective safety procedures safeguard both workers’ safety and industrial equipment. Under any circumstances, employees should never risk their physical or mental well-being to finish a task. Employers must safeguard and keep their workers safe.
The employer or a representative informs each employee about the risks associated with the work at the beginning of their employment. Employees are given proper advice on the safety precautions that must be taken to protect themselves from risks.
The employer takes all precautions to protect the employees while they are working from any illness or injury that may arise from the work, from any accident that may occur, any malfunction in the machinery and equipment, or from fire. The employee must follow all employer instructions about the usage of safety equipment and uniforms that have been supplied for him to protect him from accidents and illnesses. The employee need not pay or deduct anything from his pay in exchange for providing preventative measures.
What are the Employer’s responsibilities to maintain safety in the workplace?
- The employer shall post detailed instructions regarding the means of observing occupational health and safety to protect employees from the dangers to which they are exposed during the performance in a noticeable location.
- The employer is required to take the necessary steps to ensure hygiene and proper ventilation in the workplace, as well as to provide it with the appropriate lighting, potable water, hygiene, and drainage.
- When there are five to twenty-five employees, the employer must prepare a first aid kit with the medicines, tools, and equipment.
- The first aid box must be stored in a prominent location and must be accessible to all staff.
- An employee who has received first-aid training is responsible for using the box.
- If there are more than twenty-five employees, a box must be designated for each group of employees, ranging from five to twenty-five.
- In addition to the first-aid kit, if the number of employees exceeds 100, the employer must employ a full-time medical nurse. If there are more than 500 employees, the employer must designate a clinic for them that employs at least a doctor and a nurse.
- The workers exposed to the dangers of infection with occupational diseases in all activities of the work shall undergo periodic medical examinations at intervals appropriate to the hazards involved in the work.
- The results of these examinations must be kept by the employer in the employee files.
- If the examination reveals that the employee has been exposed to one of the occupational diseases, the employer must inform the Department within three days of findings.
What are the services provided to workers in remote areas?
Employers who place workers in remote areas where regular transportation is not an option must offer them services like Adequate means of transportation, Appropriate accommodation, Drinking water, Appropriate food or a method of obtaining it.
Employers with fifty or more employees are required to offer them the social services that will be outlined in a Ministerial Decision taking into account the location of the employment, the conditions surrounding it, and the size of the firm.
What happens if the employer fails to take the necessary precautions?
If any immediate threats happened to the health or safety of employees and the employer fails to take the necessary precautions, the Department must report to the Minister. The Minister may take a decision regarding the partial or complete shutdown of the workplace or the stoppage of functioning of one or more machines that causes the danger.
In this situation, the employer must pay the employees’ full salary during the closure or suspension time.
The Minister shall issue the necessary decisions for regulating the equipment on occupational health and safety in establishments, specifying and regulating the services and preventative measures required for protecting employees from the hazards of the workplace, including tools, and equipment, as well as for regulating the means of protection from occupational diseases.
LABOUR LAW STATE OF QATAR
Labour Law No. (3) of the year 1962 and its amending, Laws (14) for the Year 1992 and (23) for the Year 1994.